Spain (Kingdom of Spain)

Languages: Spanish

Currencies: EUR · Euro (€)

Capitol: Madrid

Continents: Europe

Borders: France, Morocco, Gibraltar, Portugal, Andorra

More useful information

Area: 505,992km2

Population: 47,351,567

Traffic/driving side: right

Landlocked country: No

Independent country: Yes

United Nations member: Yes

IDD Prefix: +34

Timezones: UTC, UTC+01:00

Last updated on June 23, 2023

Ah, España — a land of vibrant culture, rich history, and culinary delights that beckon travelers from across the globe. With its diverse landscapes, sunny weather, and lively atmosphere, there’s enough things to do in Spain to satisfy even the most adventurous visitor.

The Iberian Peninsula is home to several regions, each boasting their own unique charms and attractions. Whether you’re drawn to the bustling metropolis of Madrid, the sun-soaked shores of Andalusia, or the rugged beauty of Catalonia, Spain provides an abundance of things to do and see.

I’m going to explore a selection of must-see attractions and thrilling things to do in Spain so you can make the most of your time there. Visit Galicia – the hidden Treasure of Spain – one of the most magnificent places in Europe with unique archipelago of Cies Islands. You also don’t want to miss to explore Streets of Madrid. From Spanish culture to historic sites and modern marvels, this magnificent country promises adventure at every turn!

Key Takeaways

  • Spain boasts diverse landscapes, sunny weather, vibrant culture, and an abundance of activities for travelers.
  • Must-see cities include Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Granada, Bilbao, Sevilla, and Santiago de Compostela, each showcasing unique historical and cultural attractions.
  • Spain’s rich history is evident in its architectural masterpieces like the Sagrada Familia, Alhambra, and Seville Cathedral.
  • Spanish cuisine is diverse and region-specific, offering a mouthwatering fusion of flavors from tapas to paella.
  • Spanish wine culture is celebrated with renowned regions like La Rioja and unique varietals from lesser-known areas.
  • Spain’s varied terrain allows for numerous outdoor adventures, including hiking, cycling, and water sports.
  • Spain’s national parks showcase the country’s diverse landscapes and ecosystems.
  • The Balearic Islands offer idyllic escapes with the sun, sand, and crystal-clear waters, each island boasting its own charm.

Embrace History in Spain’s Beautiful Cities

Spain’s diverse and captivating cities hold numerous historical treasures waiting to be discovered.


Barcelona’s rich history is beautifully showcased in its stunning architecture and well-preserved medieval quarters. The Gothic Quarter (Barri Gòtic) serves as the city’s historic heart, with winding cobblestone streets and striking Gothic buildings, such as the Barcelona Cathedral.

Antoni Gaudí’s architectural masterpieces, including the Sagrada Familia and Park Güell, are an absolute must-see for everyone visiting Spain. Not only are they mesmerizingly beautiful, but they also offer a unique insight into Catalonia’s modernist movement.


Nestled at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, Granada boasts an alluring mix of Moorish and Christian influences. The Alhambra, a breathtaking palace complex with its intricate architecture and lush gardens, stands as a testament to Spain’s Islamic heritage, and is probably one of the most-visited spots in this ancient city.

When in Granda, you can also wander through the Albaicín neighborhood, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, where narrow streets and traditional white-washed houses evoke memories of Andalusian life throughout the centuries.


Valencia is a vibrant coastal city that seamlessly blends ancient history with modern innovation.

Its Old Town showcases charming plazas, medieval churches, and the stunning Valencia Cathedral, which houses the Holy Grail relic. You can also take a guided tour to the futuristic City of Arts and Sciences (Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias) complex contrasts sharply against these historic sites, offering visitors a unique experience that spans across time.

If you decide to visit Valencia, don’t miss the 15th-century Silk Exchange (La Lonja de la Seda), another UNESCO World Heritage Site showcasing Gothic architecture and Valencia’s prominence in the silk trade during the Middle Ages.


As the capital of Spain, Madrid is steeped in history and cultural significance. Located in the heart of Spain, Madrid is the home to the opulent Royal Palace (Palacio Real) that showcases Spain’s monarchical past.

The city’s rich art heritage can be discovered at the Prado National Museum (Museo del Prado), which houses an unrivaled collection of Europe’s most famous paintings, including works by Velázquez, Goya, and El Greco.

When in Madrid, you should also stroll through historic neighborhoods, such as La Latina and Malasaña, where you can admire centuries-old buildings.

To experience Madrid’s vibrant atmosphere, go to Plaza Mayor — a large open square surrounded by historical buildings as well as restaurants, cafes, and outdoor seating areas.

Remember that the medieval town of Toledo is just a short drive from Madrid. There, you can see El Alcazar (a breathtaking stone fortification) or Catedral Primada (one of the most beautiful cathedrals in Spain).


Located in Northern Spain, Bilbao, the largest city in Spain’s Basque Country, is a captivating blend of history, culture, and modernity. This dynamic city has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past few decades and now boasts world-class art institutions and innovative architecture.

Bilbao’s main attraction is probably the Guggenheim Museum. This modern and contemporary art museum is an architectural marvel in itself. Its striking titanium-clad exterior houses an impressive collection of artworks from national and international artists.


Sevilla’s rich heritage is reflected in its stunning architecture, traditional flamenco performances, and lively festivals filled with Spanish folk music.

If you visit this city, make sure to see the Seville Cathedral — one of the largest Gothic cathedrals in the world, this impressive structure houses the tomb of Christopher Columbus. Don’t forget to climb the adjacent La Giralda bell tower for breathtaking views.


Last but not least, Santiago de Compostela is a historical and spiritual destination known for its religious significance and stunning architecture. As the final stop on the famous Camino de Santiago pilgrimage route, this UNESCO World Heritage city offers a unique blend of serene beauty and vibrant energy.

Savor Spain’s Exquisite Gastronomy and Wine Culture.

When looking for things to do in Spain, you can’t forget about the food! Spanish cuisine is a mouthwatering fusion of flavors influenced by various regions and cultures.

Tapas culture, where small dishes are shared among friends and family, is an integral part of Spanish dining. Sample iconic tapas like patatas bravas (spicy potatoes), jamón ibérico (cured ham), and croquetas (croquettes) in local bars or restaurants.

Additionally, savor regional dishes such as Valencia’s paella, the Basque Country’s pintxos (small bites), and Andalusia’s gazpacho (cold tomato soup).

Remember that in Spain, each region offers distinct culinary experiences. In Catalonia, try escalivada (grilled vegetable salad) or seafood fideuà, while Galicia is renowned for its fresh seafood dishes like pulpo a la gallega (octopus with paprika). Madrid is famous for cocido madrileño (meat and chickpea stew) and churros con chocolate.

But that’s not all! Spanish wine culture is equally diverse and celebrated. Renowned regions like La Rioja and Ribera del Duero produce world-class wines, while lesser-known areas such as Priorat, Rías Baixas, and Penedès offer unique varietals. Embark on wine-tasting tours or attend wine festivals to experience Spain’s rich wine culture firsthand.

Embark on Adventure: Hiking, Cycling, and Water Sports.

Spain’s natural beauty and varied terrain provide countless opportunities for adventure, catering to a wide range of interests and skill levels. From stunning mountain trails to serene coastal paths, Spain has something to offer every outdoor enthusiast


For cycling aficionados, the Vías Verdes (Greenways) network offers over 2,500 kilometers of converted railway lines perfect for leisurely rides through picturesque landscapes. In Andalusia, challenge yourself with a thrilling mountain biking experience in the Sierra Nevada mountain range or pedal across the enchanting Tabernas Desert.


Hiking enthusiasts can explore the stunning Pyrenees mountain range, which stretches along the border between Spain and France. Of all things to do in Spain, hiking is one of the best opportunities to discover picturesque alpine villages, glacial lakes, and diverse flora and fauna as you traverse well-marked trails with varying degrees of difficulty.

Notable hiking trails you can check out include El Caminito del Rey, Pico del Teide – STEP BY STEP HIKING GUIDE and Los Cahorros Monachi.

Water Sports

Water sports enthusiasts will find a wealth of options along Spain’s extensive coastline and numerous rivers.

If you don’t mind getting wet, dive into the crystal-clear waters of the Mediterranean and discover vibrant marine life while snorkeling or scuba diving around the Costa del Sol or the Balearic Islands. You can also experience the thrill of windsurfing or kitesurfing on the wild Atlantic coast near Tarifa, where strong winds create ideal conditions for these exhilarating sports.

Experience the Beauty of Spain’s Captivating National Parks

Spain’s national parks offer a stunning showcase of the country’s diverse landscapes and ecosystems. Here are some awe-inspiring areas that you shouldn’t miss during your visit:

  1. Picos de Europa National Park. Straddling the regions of Asturias, Cantabria, and Castilla y León, this breathtaking park is home to dramatic limestone peaks, lush forests, and glacial lakes. Explore picturesque hiking trails, spot native wildlife such as the Cantabrian brown bear, or take a cable car ride up to Fuente Dé for panoramic views.
  2. Doñana National Park. Situated in Andalusia, this park encompasses vast wetlands, dunes, and marshes that serve as crucial habitats for migratory birds and endangered species like the Iberian lynx.
  3. Caldera de Taburiente National Park. Situated on La Palma island in the Canary Islands archipelago, this park features an enormous volcanic crater surrounded by lush pine forests and dramatic cliffs. Discover the park’s geological wonders and stargazing opportunities at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory.
  1. Sierra Nevada National Park. This expansive park in Andalusia boasts the highest peaks in mainland Spain and offers year-round outdoor activities. Hike through alpine meadows dotted with wildflowers in summer or hit the slopes at Europe’s southernmost ski resort during winter months.
  2. Teide National Park. Located on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of Spain’s most visited national parks. Centered around Mount Teide, the highest peak in Spain and the third-largest volcano in the world, the park offers a unique and otherworldly landscape shaped by volcanic activity.

Journey Through the Enchanting Balearic Islands: Idyllic Island Escapes

Also known as Illes Balears, these islands are a stunning archipelago off the eastern coast of Spain, and can be the perfect island escapes for travelers seeking sun, sand, and crystal-clear waters. Comprising four main islands — Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera — each island boasts its own distinct charm and character.


The largest of the islands, Mallorca is known for its diverse landscapes, golden beaches, and picturesque towns. Wander the cobbled streets of Palma’s historic Old Town and visit the awe-inspiring Gothic Cathedral Le Seu. Explore the dramatic Serra de Tramuntana mountain range or relax on secluded beaches such as Cala Deià or Es Trenc.

READ: Around Mallorca – best hiking adventures and spots to visit.


With a more laid-back atmosphere compared to its neighbors, Menorca invites travelers to get an authentic taste of Mediterranean island life. Filled with pristine beaches like Cala Macarella or Cala Turqueta along its unspoiled coastline, Menorca is perfect if you want to relax and bathe in the sun for a few days.

But if you decide to get more active, you can visit the charming cities of Mahón and Ciutadella, where history and culture abound in their narrow streets and lively harbors.


Known worldwide for its vibrant nightlife scene, Ibiza also offers tranquil retreats and stunning natural beauty. The island’s old town Dalt Vila boasts centuries of history within its fortified walls, while the northern coast offers peaceful coves and quaint villages like Sant Joan de Labritja.


Just a short boat ride from Ibiza, this small island offers a serene escape with turquoise waters and pristine beaches. Rent a bicycle to explore the island’s rocky landscapes or spend your days soaking up the sun on picture-perfect shores like Playa de Ses Illetes or Cala Saona.

Spain – land of diversity!

Spain’s rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty offers endless exploration opportunities for every traveler.

From the architectural grandeur of Barcelona and Granada, the gastronomic delights of Valencia, to the mesmerizing flamenco performances in Andalusia, Spain’s diverse regions present a treasure trove of experiences.

Outdoor enthusiasts can revel in stunning national parks or the exhilarating water sports along the vast coastline. The enchanting Balearic Islands offer idyllic island escapes, each with its unique charm.

Spain truly captivates with its vibrant spirit and timeless allure, promising a memorable adventure filled with rich discoveries, mouthwatering cuisine, and captivating landscapes. Whether you’re a history buff, foodie, or nature lover, will surely leave an indelible impression on you, beckoning a return visit.

Sassari Sardinia

Hey - I'm Eva!

Hiker, adventurous traveler and the author of this blog. My biggest joy is mountaineering and writing reportage travel stories here on this blog, to help you create a unique travel experience. Traveling is freedom, allows you seeing the world truly, meet communities, grow. Taste it!

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