Canada (Canada)

Languages: English, French

Currencies: CAD · Canadian dollar ($)

Capitol: Ottawa

Continents: North America

Borders: United States

More useful information

Area: 9,984,670km2

Population: 38,005,238

Traffic/driving side: right

Landlocked country: No

Independent country: Yes

United Nations member: Yes

IDD Prefix: +1

Timezones: UTC-08:00, UTC-07:00, UTC-06:00, UTC-05:00, UTC-04:00, UTC-03:30

Last updated on March 20, 2024

Canada, the second-largest country in the world, is a treasure trove of experiences that attract millions of tourists each year. Its unique blend of stunning natural landscapes and metropolitan vibrancy makes it a place of endless exploration. What are the things to do in Canada? No matter the season, the vastness of Canada promises an eclectic mix of adventures. To discover everything you would probably need at least 2 months, but with 2-3 weeks there is a good chance to see many from the below regions.

And there’s lots to see: from the soaring peaks of the Rocky Mountains to the breathtaking Northern lights in the Arctic territories, from the lively cultural hubs of Toronto and Montreal to the tranquil maritime provinces on the East Coast – the choice is yours. Get ready to explore the remarkable diversity and beauty of Canada.

Key Takeaways

  • Canada, teeming with diverse landscapes and experiences, offers stunning natural beauty from the Rocky Mountains to Arctic territories, metropolitan vibrancy in cities like Toronto and Montreal, and the tranquil charm of maritime provinces.
  • Eastern Canada, home to Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, offers rich cultural experiences, from the iconic lighthouse at Peggy’s Cove to the dramatic tides at the Bay of Fundy and the literary history of Green Gables.
  • Central Canada presents a captivating blend of stunning landscapes and adventure opportunities. From observing polar bears in Churchill, Manitoba, exploring the serene Grasslands National Park in Saskatchewan, to trekking and skiing in Alberta’s National Parks.
  •  Western Canada provides a mix of bustling urban centers, stunning coastlines, and untouched wilderness. British Columbia boasts vibrant cities like Vancouver and Victoria with Stanley Park, Granville Island, Butchart Gardens, and Craigdarroch Castle, whereas Northern territories offer phenomenal Northern Lights and vast Arctic landscapes.
  • The Canadian Rockies display Canada’s commitment to preserving natural landscapes with mesmerizing scenery, outdoor pursuits like hiking, skiing, and unrivaled wildlife viewing experiences, making this region an embodiment of the incredible outdoor lifestyle that is synonymous with Canada.

Eastern Canada.

Canada’s eastern region, also known as the Maritime Provinces, is a trove of cultural richness and natural beauty. This area is well known for its stunning shorelines, welcoming communities, and historical attractions. Three provinces dominate the Eastern Canadian landscape – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, each offering unique experiences for the worldly explorer.

things to do in canada

Nova Scotia: Visit the Picturesque Lighthouse at Peggy’s Cove.

Nova Scotia, Latin for ‘New Scotland’, is a geographical mix of Scottish heritage and vibrant seaside communities, making it a top pick for travelers. At the forefront of the Nova Scotian experience is Peggy’s Cove. This quaint coastal community is most famous for its picturesque lighthouse, perched atop solid granite rock that’s been worn into rounded curves by millennia of relentless waves.

Peggy’s Cove is one of the essential places to visit in Nova Scotia, not just for the panoramic views of the Atlantic Ocean but also the iconic red-and-white lighthouse that’s been watching over the sea since 1915. As you stroll the rugged landscape, the lighthouse stands strong – a testament to Nova Scotia’s enduring maritime legacy.

New Brunswick: Experience the Highest Tides in the World at the Bay of Fundy.

Just a stone’s throw away is the province of New Brunswick. This province is known for being the backdrop to some of nature’s most awe-inspiring performances, notably at the Bay of Fundy. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Bay of Fundy is home to the world’s highest tides, with water levels reaching up to 16 meters or more twice a day.

There are a variety of ways to experience this dynamic natural spectacle. You can hike along the ocean floor during low tide, exploring different rock formations and marine life, or go boating during high tide to get a sense of the forces at work. The dramatic ebb and flow of the tides at the Bay of Fundy is a captivating sight, reminding us of the potent power of nature.

Prince Edward Island: Visit the Green Gables Heritage Place.

From New Brunswick, a short journey over the Confederation Bridge brings you to Prince Edward Island (PEI), known as Canada’s birthplace. One of the main attractions here is the Green Gables Heritage Place, located in Cavendish. This historical site is renowned for its connection to the beloved novel “Anne of Green Gables” by L.M. Montgomery, whose inspiration for the book came from this very place.

A visit to Green Gables promises a chance to experience life as it was portrayed in the early 1900s. Trek the famous ‘Lovers Lane’, roam around the farmhouse with its accurate interiors replicating the writer’s vivid descriptions, and feel transported back in time.

Discover the Metropolitan Cities in Quebec and Ontario

Quebec and Ontario, Canada’s populous provinces, host the dynamic cities of Montreal and Toronto. Both teeming with cultural richness, they offer a unique blend of experiences to travelers.

Montreal, the world’s second-largest French-speaking city after Paris, is a splendid fusion of ancient charm and contemporary spirit. The city’s food scene is a significant cultural element, featuring diverse food markets and eateries that highlight its French influence. Visitors can feast on local Quebecois products at Jean-Talon Market or classic French cuisine at acclaimed establishments like Au Pied de Cochon.

Meanwhile, Toronto, Ontario’s capital, stands as a multicultural beacon with its vibrant ethnic neighborhoods. The city’s iconic CN Tower dominates the skyline and provides visitors with a panoramic view of the cityscape extending to the shores of Lake Ontario. Add a thrilling ‘Edge Walk’ on the tower for the more adventurous travelers.

Toronto’s strength lies in its cultural diversity, mirrored in its varied neighborhoods. From Chinatown to Little Italy to Greektown, each region provides an immersive cultural experience. It’s astounding how one city can offer an authentic taste of various cultures.

Central Canada, a land of unspoilt nature.

Central Canada is a captivating blend of stunning landscapes, from the endless horizons of the Prairie provinces to the towering Rockies in Alberta. This vast region is ripe for exploration and brimming with outdoor adventures.

Manitoba: Visit the Polar Bear Capital of the World, Churchill.

In the heart of the Prairie provinces, you’ll find Manitoba, a land teeming with wilderness and wildlife. One of the province’s greatest draws is the northern town of Churchill. Renowned as the ‘Polar Bear Capital of the World’, Churchill is one of the few human settlements where these magnificent creatures can be observed in the wild.

These great white bears migrate from the tundra into Churchill every fall, providing unrivaled opportunities for viewing. You can board specially designed tundra vehicles to roam the landscape within the safe but visible range of the bears.

Saskatchewan: Explore the Grasslands National Park.

Just west of Manitoba, in the Prairie province of Saskatchewan, travelers can step out of the urban bustle and explore the serene Grasslands National Park. This national park preserves an example of Canada’s endangered native prairie grasslands and is home to a diverse range of wildlife. From the soaring falcons to the scurrying prairie dogs, the park is a wildlife lover’s paradise.

The Grasslands offer recreational opportunities such as hiking, stargazing, and camping, while interpretive drives offer windows into the Plains Indians who once depended on the vast herds of bison for survival.

Experience the Myriad Outdoor Activities in Alberta.

Further west lies Alberta, known for its vast forests, crystal-clear rivers, emerald lakes, and snow-capped peaks. Banff National Park is one of the crown jewels in this province, offering incredible vistas everywhere you turn. Whether you prefer a leisurely stroll around the turquoise Lake Louise or a trek up the steeply rewarding Sulphur Mountain trail, Banff has something for every outdoor enthusiast.

A little less known but equally stunning is Alberta’s Dinosaur Provincial Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Here, the forces of time have revealed one of the largest dinosaur graveyards in the world, which showcases an extensive collection of fossil specimens. Take a guided tour and immerse yourself in the richness of the prehistoric past, journeying back to a time when dinosaurs dominated the landscape.

Western Canada and its stunning costline & wilderness.

Canada’s western region, defined by stunning coastlines, lush landscapes, and untamed wilderness, is an adventurous traveler’s dream. Two areas dominate this terrain – British Columbia, known for its vibrant cities and beautiful countryside, and the territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, the epitome of Arctic magnificence.

Discover the Beauty of British Columbia.

British Columbia’s charm unfurls in its urban and natural facets. Vancouver, the province’s busiest city, is a hub of cultural diversity, flanked by majestic mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Among its notable attractions is Stanley Park, a 1,000-acre city park offering a wealth of leisure activities.

Wandering the park, you’ll discover towering cedar, hemlock, and fir trees, well-landscaped gardens, and a picturesque seawall offering panoramic waterfront views. Wildlife enthusiasts could be lucky enough to spot raccoons, beavers, or even whales off the coastline.

Another gem in Vancouver’s crown is Granville Island, nestled under the south end of the Granville Street Bridge. What was once an industrial manufacturing area has morphed into a thriving hotspot for all things food, art, and culture. Explore the bustling public market with its variety of local artisan food stalls, craft studios, and unique boutiques, creating a sensory experience unlike any other.

A short ferry ride from Vancouver takes you to Victoria, the charming capital of British Columbia. Victoria boasts many attractions, such as the Butchart Gardens, a group of floral display gardens drawing visitors worldwide with its stunning floral displays throughout the year. Another notable attraction is the Craigdarroch Castle. This magnificent Victorian-era mansion tells a tale of the city’s historical affluence, and touring the mansion transports you to a time of architectural and societal grandeur.

Explore the Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut for a True Wilderness Experience.

Beyond British Columbia’s bustling cities lay the vast and far less populated northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. Undeniably, these territories offer experiences that few places on earth can match.

One such experience is the phenomenal Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis. Pictures cannot do justice to the awe-inspiring spectacle of shimmering curtains of light, painting the night sky in shades of green, purple, and red. Whitehorse, in the Yukon territory, is one of the prime viewing spots where this celestial spectacle can be witnessed.

The territories are also home to some of the planet’s most untouched landscapes. The vast Arctic landscapes of Nunavut provide a rustic wildlife viewing experience where you can spot Arctic wolves, muskoxen, caribou, and the mythical-looking narwhal.

The Northwest Territories are dotted with countless lakes and rivers, framed by rugged mountains, offering a serene contrast to their Arctic counterparts. Outdoor activities like kayaking, fishing, and hiking will feed the adventurer’s spirit.

The Canadian Rockies.

The Canadian Rockies, a majestic mountain range sprawling across the provinces of British Columbia and Alberta, is one of Canada’s most impressive natural attractions. This vast landscape is an unforgettable journey of towering peaks, emerald-green lakes, alpine meadows and abundant wildlife, offering an array of outdoor adventures.

The environment of the Canadian Rockies is perfect for exploration. The well-marked trails throughout the region offer hiking experiences for every skill level. A trek to Lake Agnes Tea House, a trail starting from the breathtaking Lake Louise, promises unrivaled scenic views along the way. In winter, the Rockies transform into a snowy playground, providing some of the best skiing opportunities in the world. Resorts like Sunshine Village and Lake Louise are popular destinations for snow enthusiasts from around the globe.

The region is also renowned for its exceptional variety of wildlife. It is home to animals such as grizzly bears, moose, elk, black bears, and mountain goats. Wildlife viewing tours are an exciting opportunity to witness these animals in their natural habitat, and they are designed with safety in mind, ensuring a fascinating yet secure experience for visitors.

The Canadian Rockies epitomize the appreciation of nature that is deeply etched into the Canadian ethos. Whether you choose challenging alpine hikes in the summer, carving up slopes in winter, or simply watching the sunset over a serene lake, the Canadian Rockies captivate all who visit with their natural beauty and grandeur.

This region is a testament to the country’s commitment to preserving its natural landscapes and is a must-visit for anyone wanting to experience the incredible outdoor lifestyle that is synonymous with Canada.

Canada – must-explore destination.

From the charming Maritime Provinces of the east to the untamed wilderness of the far north, from the culturally diverse metropolitan cities to the awe-inspiring Canadian Rockies and the sprawling prairies, Canada’s breathtaking beauty extends across its vast geography. With its unique blend of rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes, there’s an endless list of things to do in Canada.

This dynamic nation, built on a deep appreciation for nature and cultural diversity, provides explorers with a varied palette of experiences. With each province and territory offering its distinct charm, Canada truly caters to every traveler’s quest. As we conclude our journey across the country, it is evident that Canada is not just a country to visit but a land to explore experience, and truly indulge in. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a thrill-seeker, a history buff, or a city explorer.

Sassari Sardinia

Hey - I'm Eva!

Hiker, adventurous traveler and the author of this blog. My biggest joy is mountaineering and writing reportage travel stories here on this blog, to help you create a unique travel experience. Traveling is freedom, allows you seeing the world truly, meet communities, grow. Taste it!