I’ve dreamed about trekking Everest Base Camp for years and the dream even escalated since the Everest movie in 2017! And while I found myself on a different trekking and climbing paths over the last few years, I always carried Everest trail in my heart. Who wouldn’t like to experience magnificent Himalayan treks and see the unbeatable beauty of this region. Or get to know one of the most amazing people on earth – Sherpas, one of the Tibetan ethnic groups, who are most famous for their achievements on 8000 metres peaks.
As far as I can’t climb the top of this mountain, the partial journey was a lifetime adventure. Walking through Khumbu valley gives you unforgettable views of surrounding, overwhelming beauty of mountain nature. There would be a lot of people reaching EBC just for the aim to get a social media shoot. For me the whole trail was like a spiritual awakening and an energizing experience of majestic Himalayas. Don’t go there for the spot, go there for the complete journey and you’ll be surprised how much is there to discover on the way to EBC. Take your time, find your pace and experience this phenomenal place stage by stage.
Below you’ll find a complete guide on 14 days trekking Everest Base Camp with detailed description of all stages.
Can beginners trek Everest Base Camp?
Despite being non-technical and accessible for everyone, EBC trek is not an easy adventure. You should be well trained and physically prepared to go for it. Never decide to do it straight from your office desk. It is not only very physically challenging but also mentally challenging. What’s more, you will need to go through the acclimatizing process and cope with altitude sickness symptoms. Acclimatization is a key apart of the physical and logistic preparation. I saw sherpas getting sick at the level of only 4000 metres, so don’t underestimate this trail. Some people had to even turn back and some were evacuated by a helicopter, as they couldn’t cope with altitude sickness. Nothing to worry in advance – your guide will do his best you acclimatise properly to accomplish the trek.
If you are wondering is trekking Everest Base Camp safe, I’d say most of the trail is. But don’t forget 15 people dies at Everest Base Camp in the 2015 avalanche.
How difficult it is trekking Everest Base Camp?
If you remember Adventure Consultants led by Rob Hall, they are still operating in Nepal. You can see their stickers on front doors of the lodges and restaurants on the way to EBC. BTW on their website the Difficulty and Fitness of this trekking is described as LOW 😉. Outside of my huge sympathy for this agency I would strongly disagree with that.. Obviously this trail would be an easy challenge for professional climbers but not for adventurous trekkers. I heard some people saying this was the hardest thing they accomplished in their life. For me it was also very challenging. There was a lot of people who got sick in Gorakshep – the last village from where you leave for EBC. Also only few people left for Kala Patthar to climb the highest peak of the trek. So trekking Everest Base Camp should never be described as EASY.
The terrain is not a flat path!
You will be trekking up and down a rocky or sometimes snowy trail and the trek will become more challenging with the altitude. You’ll be covering 15km a day which is equivalent 6-7 hours trekking. After reaching EBC you will undertake the last stage of hiking up – a night climb to Kala Patthar. This will be a long day and of course highly challenging. From there you’ll start your way down back to Lukla and you’ll be covering 20 km a day.
Can you imagine that before the pandemic in October 2019 there was 800 trekkers daily heading to Everest Base Camp. That means lots of human traffic, donkey and yak caravans, overcrowded lodges and restaurants, dirt and noise everywhere. It’s hard to imagine enjoying this beautiful scenery in such circumstances. The guides said it was very hard at times to manage big groups of people. I was extremely lucky with timing; in March 2022 the trail was loose, comfortable accommodating only few tour operators. Most of the countries would still have high pandemic travel restrictions. I had my guide only for myself and I was extremely happy about this.
Sherpas - why they are superhuman climbers?
Sherpas’ hearts have a greater capacity which may explain their amazing ability to breathe easily at the world’s highest altitudes. I’d say it’s rather because of their sweet, big hearts, as they are truly amazing, carrying and vulnerable people. I could listen to my guide for hours, while he was telling me about all the mountain expeditions in Nepal, China/Tibet and Bhutan. About how they live, what was their childhood and do they really like taking bunch of fussy travellers up there.😉
Sherpas have lived in the high altitudes of the Himalayas for generations. Each year they are serving as guides and porters thousands of foreign hikers and climbers attempting different mountains in Himalayas. I’ve never seen people working so hard as Sherpas. While the most foreign tourists would bring money and give them jobs they need, we should never forget to share a huge respect for their hard work. Nobody of us would ever be able to do it without their help, either as guides, porters or chefs.
“Did you know that Nepalese only name mountains higher than 6000 metres, anything below that height they consider as hills 😉”.
Do you need a guide to trek Everest Base Camp?
No – it is not mandatory to have a guide when trekking Everest Base Camp. But there are hundreds of reasons why you should have a guide. The route is pretty obvious and easy to follow but there’s plenty of things you should know while trekking in Himalayas. I could not imagine going there without a guide for number of reasons. First, the guide helps you acclimatise properly and manages your condition while ascending. Most people do have high altitude symptoms closer to the level of 5000 metres and often it’s just a case of managing your condition accordingly. I wouldn’t risk to do it my own, although there was a German guy who did it alone and managed to reach EBC.
Can helicopters fly to Everest Base Camp?
Yes. While trekking Everest Base Camp you would see few helicopter tours a day, taking people over Himalayas and EBC. It’s a day mountain tour (usually 4-5 hours) starting and ending in Kathmandu.
The helicopters can fly to EBC, some people were evacuated from Lobuche while I was there.
How to pick the right trekking agency?
I googled few agencies to go through their offer, you should do the same just for the comparison. Prices differ so much and you will pay triple if you pick agency based in Europe – UK or Ireland based. This was one thing I definitely wanted to avoid – to be led by a company from Europe. Why would you pick a company from Europe if there are so many brilliant local operators, based in Nepal, hugely experienced and customer focused. I didn’t want my trip to be organized or accompanied by anyone outside Nepal.
So I googled my agency, which was Exciting Nepal Treks & Expeditions, I liked their website, very factual trail description, great rating and I liked the fact they operate if few countries. Subash the owner, was so quick in reverting to my email that I knew from the start that’s going to be my guide. His agency is well established, with over 15 year experience on the market and a great (99%) success rate 😉 They are running different types of expeditions and my guide Suman was the greatest companion I could imagine! The trail would not be the same without him! Warm, lovely, carrying and extremely reasonable. Loved his stories, especially the one from his childhood.
Suman my Guide 😉
Acclimatization at high altitudes - your key to success on every mountain.
Climbing is very much about your physical condition but it’s mostly about oxygen and the lack of it. The concentration of haemoglobin, which carries oxygen in red blood cells increases gradually to provide more oxygen. The more time you give yourself to adjust to the lack of oxygen, the more chances you have to succeed safely. That’s why I am definitely recommending 14 days trek, which in fact is 12 days, as you spent 2 in Kathmandu getting ready for the trail. The trek would be much harder if you tried to complete it in under 12 days!
The key thing to success this trek is a natural acclimatization. That’s why it’s important to go with a professional agency, led by an experienced guide, who will have the best acclimatization schedule based on the rule – go high, sleep low. It is key to acclimatize well from low hights, otherwise you will struggle at higher levels. There is an extra day in critical acclimatization points – Namche Bazar 3450m and Dingboche 4350m, to give you time to adjust your body to low oxygen levels. Once reaching Lobuche you will trek a bit higher than you sleep, otherwise you can wake up with a headache or other high-altitude symptoms. After we reached our lodge, we had a short lunch break before we trekked another 200-300m up and back down to allow body to acclimatize naturally.
High-altitude symptoms while trekking Everest Base Camp.
Being accompanied by an experienced guide is crucial. You will need his invaluable expertise on the way up, he will help you cope with all high-altitude symptoms and will know how to best manage your condition. Some guides do daily check-ups among the trekkers and keep a record of it. They do a short interview, check the level of oxygen in the body, temperature, etc. Professional guide is familiar not only with the medications, but other methods preventing from getting sick – like garlic soup, ginger honey lemon tea, amount and type of food you should have in particular times of the day. In high mountains every little aspect counts and has fundamental impact to accomplish the trek successfully.
Trekking Everest Base Camp - practical information
TIME: best time for trekking Everest Base Camp is:
- March to mid-May
- Septembers to mid-November
It is possible to trek EBC all year round but in winter months the temperatures drop to very low, there is a lot of snowfall. While summer months the weather is wet and cloudy, with a limited visibility of the surrounding peaks.
DIFFICULTY LEVEL: Moderate
LENGTH: 12-14 day – 130 km in total.
ALTITUDE: EBC 5364m, Kala Patthar 5640m.
FATALITIES: People dye each year on the low and high end (12-15 people a year) of Everest Base Camp trek.
DANGER: Main danger for trekkers on EBC trail is altituse sickness.
TRAVEL INSURANCE: Make sure you have travel insurance which includes helicopter rescue!!!
Hydration at high altitudes
WATER – the most important thing at high altitudes. To acclimatize properly you would need to drink 4-5 litres of water a day! YES, that’s correct! You can buy or refill your water bottles from tea houses on the way. The price of bottled water raises with the altitude (it’s still only 1-3$/per 1l bottle) but there is not much you can do about it, unless you carry water purifying pills and use running water, which I don’t recommend, as it’s too much of a hassle.
Sagarmatha National Park
There are many things forbidden to do in the Sagarmatha National Park – camping, playing music, bringing in/out wild animals, etc. All is listed on a big board while entering the Park.
Yaks – long-hair with horns, high altitude cousin of the Tibetan cow. Among donkeys and horses they are the one who carry the heaviest loads /especially for those who climb M. Everest/– the animals always have a priority on the trail. IMPORTANT rule you have to remember, always stay on the mountain side/not the edge side/. Otherwise Yakis may push you down from the edge.
You will stay in Sherpa’s lodges. They are lovely but at higher altitudes you would definitely need an extra clothing and blankets to keep you warm. And forget about shower 😉In March all pipes were frozen and even Lukla was without electricity.
Trekking Everest Base Camp - daily itinerary
DAY 1: Arriving in Kathmandu. (1300m)
DAY 2: Kathmandu arrangement day – visiting trekking office, gear check, discuss itinerary.
Visiting local temples and sightseeing this beautiful city.
DAY 3: Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla 2860m and trekking to Phadking (approx. 6.5 km).
Almost everyone heard about Lukla Airport, which has the shortest lane in the world. Lukla lays on the altitude of 2900m which makes it one of the highest airports in the world. Flight takes about 40 minutes and can be really rough due to the mountain area, thick air and small aircraft which is sensitive to a windy weather. The plane flies between the mountains and at the same time you can admire the incredible view of Himalayan Caldera!
The flights to and from Lukla highly depend on the weather. High altitude makes this airport one of the most dangerous in the world. Any limited visibility would have an impact on the flight schedule. It often happens that there are fires in Lukla valley – which causes serious flights delays or even cancellations. The smoke from the valley limits the visibility of the airline lane, which makes it impossible to land, as there is no space for a mistake.
Few years back a cargo plane crashed in Lukla, he missed the lane and hit the cliff just below it. Also, if you don’t pouch the brakes straight after landing there is another wall facing from the front. Crazy when you think about! 😉 Less crazy when you are experiencing it.
Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla.
Our flight from Kathmandu was at 6.30am. We had to get up at 4 to leave the hotel at 4.45 to drive to the airport. The airport opens at 6am but there was already a queue in front of the entrance waiting to get in. Aircrafts to Lukla take on board 14-18 people. The shuttle bus taking us to the airplane stopped and the captain got in to say there is a fire in Lukla valley and the visibility is too poor for the planes to land and Lukla airport has been closed. We are waiting for the permission from Lukla to take off, depending on how the situation will progress. After an hour waiting, we finally heard the good news that the airport has reopened and we are ready for boarding.
Our captain was extremely cool-headed and after a beautiful flight he landed in Lukla without a tiny problem. It takes up to 10 minutes to get out of the plane, grab you backpack and find yourself in the nearby tea house for a hot drink. The temperature is way lower than in Kathmandu. You wouldn’t leave your jacket here, but it gets sunny and warm on the way up. Now the trekking begins! Shortly after landing in Lukla you trek to PHAKDING 2650m.
Leaving Lukla for Phadking 2650m – still Day 3.
We started at 8.30am to reach Phadking after 3 hours. The first day is pretty easy, so this would be a light and pleasant trek toward Phadking. You will reach Phadking for lunch around 12 and after hike a magnificent monastery – photos below. It will take approx. 1h up and 1h down with entry 300 rupees but well worth to visit. The monastery is very similar to one in Tengboche – the most sacred placed on the way to Everest. Mountain view from the monastery level is incredible.
DAY 4: Trek from Phadking 2650m to Namche Bazar 3445m (around 10 km).
We started at 8am to reach stunning Namche for 3pm including a long lunch break. The trail is not too difficult and if you get a sunny weather it will be a lovely hikking. You will also walk few rope bridges hanging above the valleys 😉 And of course the famous Edmund Hillary Suspention Bridge! Namche Bazar is one of the most popular villages on the way to EBC. This may also be your last time you’ll get shower on the way to EBC. The lodge was lovely, great food, amazing evening atmoshere in the restaurant, Everest movie watching! View from my window in the bottom photo, I could not stop starring during the sunset!!
DAY 5: Acclimatisation day in Namche Bazar.
On your acclimatization day you will take a walk around Namche Bazar, visit Sherpa Museum, the famous monument of Tenzing Norgay and hike Everest View Hotel located at 3850m. You can get a clear view of Mount Everest from this hotel, if you are lucky with the weather. The is a nice outdoor restaurant where you car spend few hours admiring the surrounding Himalayas. In Sherpa Museum check the very first crampons they used in early 50s, also while climbing Mount Everest. They say it’s better to get to the view point early in the morning, less chances for cloudy sky.
DAY 6: Trek from Namche Bazar to Tengboche 3850m (9.5 km).
Now it’s getting a bit challenging – it’s not about the path, neither the length of the trek, it’s about the fact that at first you trek down to the altitude of 3000m to cross a bridge over the Imjatse river and hike up to 3850m. It’s 10km in total but it’s a huge altitude change even for experienced trekkers. Just after you reach Tengboche and drop your bag in your lodge, you will be taken to the famous monastery to take part in monks players, which usually start around 4pm. This is the most famous Tibetan Buddhist Monastery (also known as Dawa Choling Gompa) on the way to Chomolungma Mountain in the Tengboche village in Khumjung in the Khumbu region. The Monastery is famous for its stunning interior and incredible monks prays.
It’s a beautiful and touching session and I dreamt of being present there for this special occasion but my problem at that stage was unsustainable .. a headache at the back side of my head, which isn’t a good symptom. It was so bad that my guide Suman gave me two choices – going down to Namche Bazar and hiking Tengboche again, or taking Diamox – the most popular medication for altitude sickness. No chance I go back to Namche.. so it was a quick decission, I go on Diamox from now..! Interesting experience, I was trying to avoid taking any medication, but it was just impossible to cope with the headache. I just couldn’t risk hiking further without tablets.
On the way to Tengboche you will probably see Himalayan Thar, a mountain goat that looks like an antelope.
DAY 7: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche 4350m (11 km).
The views on the way are breath-taking! Especially around small village Deboche with magnificent view of Mt. Everest, Nuptse and Lhotse. At first the path leads through a forest.
Day 8 - Acclimatisation day in Dingboche
On that day you’ll be hiking to a viewpoint which lays at the level of 5000m. It’s a 2-3h hike up and 1.5h hike down. Most of the groups would be hiking that peak, although many reached only halfway. Only few people were determined enough to get to the summit, which rewards with absolutely stunning mountain landscape. The trek is pretty tough with a very steep last section, where you actually climb the rocks.
Day 9 - Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche 4950m (around 5.5h).
Takes about 5.5h to reach Lobuche. After having lunch you will still need to do some hiking to support acclimatization. Without doing this the guide will not allow you to rest, simply because if you go to sleep straight after reaching Lobuche there is a huge chance you will wake up with a headache or other high altitude sickness symptoms.
Night temperature in Lobuche was low, the moment you walk into your room feels like walking into the ice cube. Nights at that stage were very cold but it was more manageable that I thought, your body will adopt to new conditions, and you can always ask for an extra blanket, which are very warm.
Usually after reaching your lodge, you will be gathering in a dining room, firstly to eat something hot and also because this is the only room with a fire place 😉The fire is usually located in the middle of the room, where all trekkers, porters and guides gather each evening to warm their bodies before going back to their icy rooms.
DAY 10: Trekking from Lobuche to Gorakshep 5160m. Trekking to Everest Base Camp 5364m and back to Gorakshep.
This is a hard day, but the excitement is stronger than any fatigue. Once you’ll reach Gorakshep (3h from Labuche) you’ll drop off your backpack before trekking to Everest Base Camp 5364m. It takes approx 3 hours to reach EBC from Gorakshep and 2h back. The hike leads through the icefall and I have never seen more spectacular views in my life. You are basically walking on tons of ice. Reaching EBC is so rewarding it’s actually hard to describe. Some poeple are crying, some are extremely happy. The weather was really kind that day. Pure visibility of the air makes it an unforgettable scenery. If you take a short walk you can access the glacier. I’m finally there – Everest Base Camp 5364m!
In the evening it’s time to celebrate reaching EBC but it’s there’s something else on your mind at that stage.. Will I make to climb Kala Patthar. People are already exhausted at this point of the trek, it’s cold, you’re a bit sick, tired but can’t get enough sleep.. It’s hard to describe how helpless you are with the altitude sickness!!
DAY 11 - Night trek to Kala Patthar 5644m and dramatic views of Mount Everest. Trekking down to Pheriche 4371m (19km in total).
No chance I won’t try to climb this bloody mountain. You can’t sleep much but I still manage to get around 4 hours of rest. My guide is knocking on the door at 3.30am, there’s no way I’m leaving this bed, it’s freezing cold outside! He knocks so hard that I have to get up and let him in. Guide quickly says – get ready we are leaving in 15 minutes! I look up at the sky and cannot stop starring, I’ve seen starry skies before but this one is something else! But I’m not able to reach my phone out of the pocket.
Night hike to Kala Patthar 5644m.
Meaning ‘Black Rock’ in English, Kala Patthar has an elevation of 5,644.5 m (18,519 ft) and is a trekking peak famous for its incredible summit views and a dramatic view of Mount Everest. Kala Patthar is so popular, as it is one of the highest points in Himalayas that can be reached without technical climbing. But you have to remember you are getting really close to that extreme altitude level. With 50% less oxygen getting to your muscles, you have to make sure you acclimatize correctly in the early stage of the trek to be able to reach kala Patthar.
You will spend a night in Gorakshep, although it may not get a great sleep at this altitude. You’ll leave around 4am to trek 2 hours to the top and 1.5h down. The path is not too difficult but it get challenging with the cold and the increasing altitude. Beside the top of Kala Patthar is not visible from the bottom, which makes it mentally challenging. A night trek in Himalayas was something new for me but once you look above and see the sky drawn in stars, it feels incredibly empowering.
Climbing Kala Pathar – the hardest stage of trekking Everest Base Camp.
It’s a night trek to welcome sunrise at the top and a magnificent view of other giant peaks – Numptse, Changtse and Lhotse. If you want to capture all these peaks in a golden sunlight you need to do this hike in the afternoon. In the morning the trek can be very cold and exhausting, I have to say I was tired at that stage, the temp was below -30, all my water was frozen and it was so difficult for me to stay out of hydration. Beside, I was on Diamox which requires plenty of water but it was simply impossible to stay hydrated in these weather conditions 😉
There weren’t many people who decided to trek Kala Patthar that day, most of the trekkers resigned after reaching EBC. To be honest, I was actually surprised that they weren’t tempted even to try, I heard their guides encouraged them saying they can always trek half-way and come back if it occurs too difficult or exhausting. I dreamt of reaching both – EBC and Kala Patthar.
I was so happy at the top. Once you’re there, the Mount Everest seems to be just right behind you, the sun is slowly lightning surrounding Himalayan peaks and it feels so beautiful up there. Unfortunately, it doesn’t get warmer 😉 On the way down it is totally bright and the only thing in my mind was tea and hot breakfast. Once you eat you start your trek down to Pheriche – this is a very long day, we trekked for 12h to reach Pheriche for 4pm. Take a good rest, don’t forget that food and hydration is equality important on the way down. You’ll be trekking 20km a day and it is still challenging.
DAY 12: Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazar (approx. 20km).
From now you are heading lower elevations, try to enjoy the trail as possible as your adventure will be over in 2 days. I couldn’t wait until it gets a little warmer, after few previous days and freezing Kala Patthar.
Food on the way to Everest Base Camp.
Nepali food is delcious!! I like it much more than Indian food, although I’m a fan of both cuisines. Nutrition is keyon any trek, especially at high altitudes. If you are led by a guide he will make sure you eat a lot and properly, even when you lose your apetite at higher levels. If you don’t eat enough that’s game over, your body will quickly become weak and lack of energy. There is plenty of dishes to choose from in every restaurant/lodge on the way to Everest Base Camp. My favourite would be:
1. Nepali Dal Bhat – definitely my favourite one!
2. Tibetan Bread
3. Spaghetti with Yak Cheese and Napolitana sause – I swear it was more tasty than Italian one !! ;)))
4. Noodle vegetarian soup
5. Garlic soup – you will need this one, as it helps your body to acclimatize. You may be even fed up with it at the end of the trail! I was! Haa!
6. Hot tea with ginger, lemon and mountain honey. Great for high mountains and your throat.